Tuesday, March 27, 2012

Cosmic Turtle

Some rise... some fall... some climb... to get to Terrapin.

A renowned philosopher was visiting the Tek-Gnostics temple. While he was admiring the abbey and surrounding grounds, he was granted an audience with the abbey’s headmaster, Sensei. After paying his respects, the philosopher asked the Holy Man the nature of the world, to which the old man replied…

"Oh, the world is a great big ball that sits on the great flat back of the Great World Turtle!"

The philosopher, who was prone to bouts of logic, thought a moment and then asked… "What does the turtle stand on?" 

To this, Sensei replied… "Why on the back of an even larger turtle of course!"

Then the philosopher asked… "And what, pray tell, does this turtle stand on?" 

The rascally old sage, taking pity on the philosopher, shook his head and sweetly smiled, saying:

"It's no use, my son; it is turtles… turtles… turtles… all the way out!"

In Hindu mythology, the terrapin, or turtle is nothing less than the foundation of universe. In the myth, the world is supported by four elephants that stand upon the shell of a great turtle…

Akupara is a tortoise in Hindu legends who carries the world on his back upholding the earth and sea.

In one Vedic myth, a great flood regularly occurs every four billion years and completely dissolves the earth. The god Vishnu then returns as his second avatar (or, earthly incarnation), the tortoise Kurma. On his back rests Mandara Mountain (the eastern mountain of the four buttresses of the World Mountain/Mt. Meru); it serves as the gods’ churning rod to remake the earth from the sea of milk.

Dreamworks Animation’s Kung Fu Panda franchise… set in a fantasy wuxia genre version of Ancient China populated by humanoid animals… features Grand Master Oogway, an elderly tortoise who is the founder of kung fu itself. Highly venerated for his wisdom, knowledge and experience, Grand Master Oogway is considered to be a great sage. Among all the proverbs he recites, his most recurring is...

"There are no accidents."

"Oogway" is the English approximation of the Chinese word for "turtle" (simplified Chinese: 乌龟; traditional Chinese: 烏龜; pinyin: wūguī).

Within the Grateful Dead mythology, the Terrapin plays a central role. The epic Terrapin Station, written by the Hunter/Garcia team and sung by Garcia (August 1, 1942 – August 9, 1995) is one of the Dead’s most profound songs.

After the rich archetypical imagery of “Lady with a Fan” concludes, the central theme of Terrapin Station explodes with the lyric… Inspiration! …move me brightly! This opening line invokes the muse with a prayer-like supplication, in keeping with the ancient Greek poets. Terrapin’s lyrics carry the connotation that Terrapin Station is the Earth herself… in the shadow of the moon. The song builds in intensity, culminating in the proclamation…

Terrapin! I can’t figure out… (terrapin) if it’s the end or beginning… (terrapin) but the train’s put it’s brakes on… (terrapin) and the whistle is screaming… Terrapin!

In keeping with this imagery, the song’s earlier line suggests… Some rise… some fall… some climb… to get to Terrapin.

Turtle Island is a term used by several Northeastern Woodland Native American tribes, especially the Haudenosaunee or Iroquois Confederacy, for the continent of North America.

The name Turtle Island is used today by many Native tribes, Native rights activists, and environmental activists, especially since the 1970s when the term came into wider usage. In a later essay, published in At Home on the Earth, Gary Snyder claimed this title as a term referring to North America that synthesizes both indigenous and colonizer cultures by translating the indigenous name into the colonizer's languages (the Spanish "Isla Tortuga" being proposed as a name as well). Snyder argues that understanding North America under the name of Turtle Island will help shift conceptions of the continent.

Referring to North America as Turtle Island suggests a view of North America not merely as a land "discovered" and colonized by Europeans and people of European descent, but as a land inhabited and stewarded by a collection of rich, diverse, and civilized peoples. a collection that may have room for both indigenous and colonizer cultures. This re-framing of the continent's identity is intended to bring about a better cohabitation of these two groups of people.

Finally... the term suggests to some interpreters a more holistic relationship between the continent's ecology and its human inhabitants, visualizing Turtle Island as an amalgamation of bioregions.

-from wikipedia

“I hold the most archaic values on earth ... the fertility of the soul, the magic of the animals, the power-vision in solitude.... the love and ecstasy of the dance, the common work of the tribe.”

“Find your place on the planet. Dig in, and take responsibility from there.”

- Gary Snyder

Sunday, March 25, 2012

The Elephant in the Dark

The parable of the blind men and elephant is a perfect metaphor for the universe and for the physicists who try to grasp its larger shape: each man feels a part of the elephant and tries to visualize its overall essence: "It's a wall"; "It's a rope"; "a tree": they almost come to blows. The universe, even more than the elephant, is too big for any one perspective, and most of us are busy squabbling about some small part.

On the reconciliation of contrarieties

SOME Hindus had brought an elephant for exhibition and placed it in a dark house. Crowds of people were going into that dark place to see the beast. Finding that ocular inspection was impossible, each visitor felt it with his palm in the darkness…

The palm of one fell on the trunk. “This creature is like a water-spout,” he said.

The hand of another lighted on the elephant’s ear. To him the beast was evidently like a fan.

Another rubbed against its leg. “I found the elephant’s shape is like a pillar,” he said.

Another laid his hand on its back. “Certainly this elephant was like a throne,” he said.

The sensual eye is just like the palm of the hand. The palm has not the means of covering the whole of the beast. The eye of the Sea is one thing and the foam another. Let the foam go, and gaze with the eye of the Sea. Day and night foam-flecks are flung from the sea: oh amazing! You behold the foam but not the Sea. We are like boats dashing together; our eyes are darkened, yet we are in clear water.

- Rumi

Five Blind Men and an Elephant

- being by Reverend Loveshade,
(Episkopos of the Discordian Division of the Ek-sen-triks CluborGuild who ripped it off from the Hindus/Jainists)


One day five blind men, who knew nothing of elephants, went to examine one to find out what it was. Reaching out randomly each touched it in a different spot. One man touched the side, one an ear, one a leg, one a tusk, and one the trunk. Each satisfied that he now knew the true nature of the beast they all sat down to discuss it.

“We now know that the elephant is like a wall,” said the one who touched the side. “The evidence is conclusive.”

“I believe you are mistaken, sir," said the one who touched an ear. "The elephant is more like a large fan."

“You are both wrong,” said the leg man. “The creature is obviously like a tree.”

“A tree?” questioned the tusk toucher. “How can you mistake a spear for a tree?”

“What?” said the trunk feeler. “A spear is long and round, but anyone knows it doesn’t move. Couldn’t you feel the muscles? It’s definitely a type of snake! A blind man could see that!” said the fifth blind man.

The argument grew more heated, and finally escalated into a battle, for each of the five had followers. This became known as the Battle of the Five Armies (not to be mistaken for the one described by that Tolkien fellow).

However, before they could totally destroy themselves, a blind, self-declared Discordian oracle came along to see what all the fuss was about. While they were beating the crap out of each other, she examined the elephant. But instead of stopping after one feel, Eristotle touched the whole thing, including the tail, which felt like a rope. “It’s just a big animal with big sides, ears, feet, tusk teeth, nose and a skinny tail,” she thought. “What a bunch of fools these guys are.”

Then Eristotle said, “Stop! I have discovered the truth. I know who is right.”

She being an oracle and all, they stopped and listened and said, “tell us!”

“I have examined the elephant with mine own two hands,” she said, “and I find that you are all right.”

“How can this be?” they asked. “Can an elephant be a wall and a fan and a tree and a spear and a snake?” And they were sorely confused.

Eristotle explained “the elephant is a great Tree, and on this tree grow leaves like great Fans to give most wondrous shade and fan the breeze. And the branches of this tree are like Spears to protect it. For this is the Tree of Creation and of Eternal Life, and the Great Serpent hangs still upon it.

“Unfortunately, it is hidden behind a great Wall, which is why it was not discovered until this very day. It cannot be reached by normal means.

“However I, in my wisdom, have discovered a Most Holy Rope, by which the wall may be climbed. And if one touches the tree in the proper manner which I alone know, you will gain Eternal Life.”

They all became highly interested in this, of course.

Eristotle then named an extremely high price for her services (Eternal Life doesn’t come cheap), and made quite a bundle.

Moral: Anyone can lead blind men to an elephant, but a Discordian can charge admission.

Saturday, March 17, 2012

AAT: Deeper… Weirder… (pt 2)

In part one of our Ancient Astronaut Theory series: AAT: Are the World’s Religions Cargo Cults? ...we “broke ground” on AAT by highlighting the basic premise of the theory that humanity was “seeded” in its cultural infancy by highly advanced extra-terrestrial beings. This seeding was achieved physically by actual contact and interaction by said beings… beings that were taken for “Gods” by our ancestors. We looked at evidence from around the world in support of this theory, as well as possible responses our ancestors may have had to such contact.

We examined more recent examples of an isolated culture that had made “first contact,” with a (supposedly) more highly advanced, interloping culture. The ritualized reaction of Polynesian natives toward the industrialized western world provides insight as to how we might react to extra-terrestrial contact. In considering the Polynesian response, we have the luxury of examining an instance of clashing cultures… both of terrestrial origin. It has not been until the modern era that such a vast disparity in technologies has allowed for such a perspective.

But what if such a great disparity between earthling cultures and technologies did exist in our distant past? What if an even greater technological discrepancy exists today, not between us and some isolated indigenous tribe, but between us and a highly advanced, globally intact yet undetectable earthling culture? A culture so advanced, that it demonstrates Arthur C. Clark’s third law that states: Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic. Such is the concept of ultra-terrestrial theory (UTT).

The idea of a pan-global, millennia old, technologically advanced civilization that has for reasons of their own remained hidden from most, if not all of humanity, seems unlikely at first glance. But in comparison to AAT considered in part one, UTT would answer or “fit” all of the same criteria concerning humanity’s amazing feats of antiquity and mythological similarity, as well as solve the insurmountable challenges of  physical inter-stellar space travel. UFOs of earthly, ultra-terrestrial origin would not have to contend with the unfathomable distances between star systems.

In light of UTT, mythological and religious accounts of contact with “The Gods” are still within the realm of logic, albeit slightly weirder. Consider the biblical Nephilim, referenced in part one…

The Nephilim (plural) are (1) the offspring of the "sons of God" and the "daughters of men." or (2) “giants” who inhabit Canaan. Etymology: "Nephilim" (נְפִילִים) probably derives from the Hebrew root npl (נָפַל), "to fall" which also includes: "to cause to fall" and "to kill, to ruin."

The “sons of God” who fathered the hybrid Nephilim, are referred to as “fallen ones” throughout ancient biblical literature. In difference to the connotation that the fallen ones are analogous to “fallen angels” (AKA; Lucifer, et al), a more literal interpretation can be considered. Use of the term the fallen ones, or simply “the fallen” by our ancestors may have actually been referencing a fallen empire or civilization, similar to how we refer to the fall of the Roman Empire today. Additionally, the Book of Enoch connects the Nephilim directly to the egrḗgoroi, translated as “the watchers.”

In the Book of Enoch, the egrḗgoroi are originally assigned to watch over humanity, but become covetous of earth women. They eventually proceed to not only procreate, but illicitly instruct humans, teaching them in arts and technologies such as weaponry, sorcery, and other techniques, thereby greatly accelerating humanity’s technological development. In light of this, the watchers can be viewed as part of a “mother culture” of terrestrial origin… representatives or perhaps remnants a pan-global, technologically advanced civilization.

This concept raises similarities to other ancient mythologies such as tales of the lost continent of Atlantis and/or Lemuria. In an earlier post, we examined the Lemurian mythos as it pertained to their secret base, hidden deep inside Mount Shasta, located in northern California. The notion of a technologically advanced, remnant group of “watchers,” living within snow-clad mountains is repeated around the globe. Madam Blavatsky’s 19th century Theosophical Society had their Masters of the Ancient Wisdom, a highly evolved body of teachers (Mahatmas). Blavatsky’s Mahatmas were not considered disembodied beings, but highly evolved earthlings involved in overseeing the spiritual growth of individual humans and the development of civilizations.

Other spiritualist luminaries of the era who incorporated the concept of “ascended masters” in their mythic systems include: Aleister Crowley (Thelema), Alice A. Bailey (New Group of World Servers), Geraldine Innocente (The Bridge to Freedom), Elizabeth Clare Prophet (Church Universal and Triumphant), Benjamin Creme (Share International) and last but not least: Guy Ballard. In 1930, Ballard was hiking on Mount Shasta when he encountered a being that identified himself as the ascended master, Saint Germain, resulting in the creation of the “I AM” Activity. All of the spiritualists listed above share the “adepts residing within high-mountain sanctuaries” motif.

The ascended masters mythology “blurs” the boundary between technology and magic… between science and spiritualism. But, given Clark’s third law, mentioned above, perhaps the distance between the two are not that great… perhaps there is no boundary.

A highly advanced “mother culture” civilization, having “fallen” from it’s height of power, covertly watching and assisting a more primitive population… technologically answers the questions concerning the rapid development of prehistoric cultures, raised in ancient astronaut theory. A spiritually advanced counsel of ascended “Mahatmas” or masters, guiding early humanity, may answer the same questions… from a different perspective. Perhaps a pan-global, millennia old, technologically advanced civilization as opposed to an ancient world-wide order of illuminated mystic masters… are, in reality, one and the same entity. The perceived differences only reflect the different world views and sophistication of understanding of those who came in contact with said entity. After all… reality is in the eye of the beholder.

In our next installment, we will examine more closely one of our favorite mythologies of extra-terrestrial contact and communication… microbial interstellar migration and intelligence seeding. Until then… keep your eye on the sky and… don’t believe everything you think!

Tuesday, March 13, 2012

The Eight Ox Herding Pictures

One – In search of the Ox
Alone in the wilderness, lost in the woods, the tekgnostic is searching… searching!
The swelling waters, the far-away mountains, and the unending path.
Exhausted and in despair, he knows not where to go,
he only hears the evening cicadas singing in the woods.

Two – Discovery of Footprints
By the stream and under the trees, scattered are the tracks of the mystery.
The sweet-scented grasses are growing thick… did he find the way?
However remote over the hills and far away the beast may wander,
his nose reaches the heavens and none can conceal it.

Three – Perceiving the Ox
On a yonder branch perches a nightingale cheerfully singing.
The sun is warm, and a soothing breeze blows, on the bank the willows are green.
The ox is there… solitary, nowhere can he hide himself.
The splendid head decorated with stately horns… what artist could reproduce him?

Four – Taking the Ox by the Horns
With the energy of his whole being, the tekgnostic has at last taken hold of the ox.
But how wild his will, how ungovernable his power!
At times he struts up a plateau...
When lo! he is lost again in a misty impenetrable mountain-pass.

Five – Taming the Ox
The tekgnostic is not to separate himself from his tether,
lest the animal should wander away into a world of defilements.
When the ox is properly tended to, he will grow pure and quiet.
Without a chain, nothing binding, he will by himself follow the tekgnostic.

Six – Riding the Ox Home
Riding on the animal, the tekgnostic leisurely wends his way home.
Enveloped in the evening mist, how tunefully the flute vanishes away!
Singing a ditty, beating time, his heart is filled with a joy indescribable!
That he is now among those who know, need it be told?

Seven – Ox and tekgnostic Transcend
All is empty… the tether, the tekgnostic and the ox.
Who can ever survey the vastness of heaven?
Over the furnace burning ablaze, not a flake of snow can fall.
When this state of things obtains, manifest is the spirit of the ancient master.

Eight – The Source
To return to the Origin, to be back at the Source… already a false step this!
Far better it is to stay at home… blind and deaf… and without much ado.
Sitting in the hut, the tekgnostic takes no cognizance of things outside.
Behold the stream flowing… whither nobody knows…
 and the flowers vividly red… for whom do they bloom?

There is no need for the miraculous power of the gods…
For the ancient master touches, and lo! …the dead trees are in full bloom.

Friday, March 9, 2012

The Illuminati vs. the Gnostics

The very mention of the term Illuminati conjures up a broad spectrum of speculative imagery.  Depending on the world view or the “eye of the beholder” such imagery could be anything from… a sinister cabal, hell-bent on world domination… to an ancient order of illuminated mystics… to a wing-nut’s delusional phantasm.

The following excerpt was written by Uri Dowbenko. There are those who would question Uri’s ability to objectively report on the clandestine activities of those dastardly evil-doers. In fact, those same detractors question Uri’s very grasp on reality. They dismiss and marginalize him as a crackpot Mad (tinfoil) Hatter, not to be taken seriously… which is precisely what “they” want you to think!

We realize that the subject of the illuminati is taken very sirius-ly in some circles. With that said, we found Uri’s hypothesis of a schism between the ancient Gnostic Mysteries and The Illuminati is an intriguing proposition that is of immense entertainment value… which is how we approach conspiracy theory in general and the illuminati in particular… as entertainment.

The word “illuminati” has become a catch-all term for the de-facto Rulers of Planet Earth. Illuminati originally meant "the enlightened ones" in Latin, and it refers to those who vie to control the political, economic and social infrastructures of the planet.

Comparative mythologist John Lamb Lash, a self-described authority on Gnosticism and esoteric traditions, is the author of the book "Not In His Image: Gnostic Vision, Sacred Ecology and the Future of Belief." The Mystery Schools were pre-Christian mystical communities that were in effect educational centers with libraries and workshops amid a vibrant cultural life. According to Lash, Mystery School adepts (so-called Gnostics) were originally members of the Magian order of shaman-initiates whose purpose was to guide humanity as teacher-mystics in pursuit of spiritual/ human evolution.

The controversy began when certain initiates of the Mystery Schools began to abuse their mystical knowledge and redirect it into behavioral manipulation, psychological programming and mind control technology. In essence, the Illuminati gave up their role as teachers to become social engineers and advisors to the Ruling Class. This coincided with the rise of the patriarchal Abrahamic religions of Judaism, Islam and Christianity, which also required techniques of mind control to keep their followers ("believers") in line.

"Around 4000 BCE with the rise of urban civilization in the Near East, some members of the Magian order chose to apply certain secrets of initiation to statecraft and social engineering," writes Lash, describing the spiritual devolution of the Kali Yuga. "They became the advisors to the first theocrats of the patriarchal nation-states, but in fact the advisors were running the show. Their subjects were systematically programmed to believe they were descended from the gods," continues Lash. "The Illuminati inaugurated elaborate rites of empowerment, or kingship rituals. These rituals were in fact methods of mind control exercised on the general populace through the collective symbology and mystique of royal authority."

Civilization -- the Civil Lie in Action -- needed an iron fist in a velvet glove from the beginning, and the Illuminati were there to ensure compliance. "Kingship rituals were distinct from the rites of initiation that led to instruction by the Light and consecration to the Great Goddess," writes Lash. "Their purpose was not education and enlightenment but social management."

The control freak tendencies of the Illuminati are evident everywhere now, as their failure in managing the world financial system is rushing the planet headlong into economic collapse.

"Gnostics refrained from assuming any role in politics because their intention was not to change society, but to produce skilled, well-balanced, enlightened individuals who would create a society good enough that it did not need to be run by external management," Lash continues. "The intention of the dissident Magians (Illuminati) to run society by covert controls was based on their assumption that human beings are not innately good enough, or gifted enough, to create a humane world." Of course Lash is being too "liberal" in labeling the Illuminati as "dissident" since their spiritual betrayal in the Mystery School was more of a bitch slap to Gaia, than the red flag of a covert rebellion.

"The difference in views of human potential was the main force that precipitated the division of the Magians," writes Lash, meaning that the judgmental arrogance of the Illuminati who believed they were indispensable, even as they think they're nothing less than "God's gift to mankind.: "It's simple enough to see that this mind set would develop the hierarchal structures in society today," Lash continues.

True enough. The so-called Global Elite keep the planet under control utilizing Illuminati Gofers… AKA: politicians, military personnel, police officers, and religious leaders… whose function is to be the shepherds of society, guarding the sheep... until they're ready for slaughter in their endless wars and intertribal rivalries.

People who behave as sheep, or so-called "sheople," are always the ones who suffer the most because of their programming. Meanwhile the Illuminati Gofers pretend that this is the way it's supposed to be. This long-standing ideological disagreement in the Mystery Schools has, it appears, resulted in the gross inequities of life on Planet Earth. "The Illuminati program was (and still is) essential to patriarchy and its cover, perpetrator religion," writes Lash, describing the global conspiracy which has conquered the world.

"While it cannot be exactly said that the deviant adepts known as Illuminati created patriarchy, they certainly controlled it," continues Lash. "And still do. The abuse of initiatory knowledge to induce schizophrenic states ('entrainment'), manipulate multiple personalities in the same person ('platforming'), and command behavior through post-hypnotic suggestion (The Manchurian Candidate technique) continues to this day, with truly evil consequences for the entire world."

Attempting to disentangle the erroneous idea that Gnostics and Illuminati refer to the same characters, Lash writes: "If we accept that the Mysteries were schools for Gaian co-evolution dedicated to the Goddess Sophia, they could not have been run by the Illuminati, as some contemporary writers (who believe they are exposing the Illuminati) have supposed. Everything the Gnostics did in the schools was intended to counterbalance and correct the machinations of the deviant adepts."

Right intent once again becomes critical and the radical difference in ideology between the Gnostics and the Illuminati become self-evident. "Initiation involved melting ego boundaries in preparation for deep rapport with nature, not lowering the ego consciousness, so that the subject could be behaviorally programmed using the power of suggestion, imprinting and other psycho-dramatic methods. These behavioral modification tools of the Illuminati were strictly forbidden in the Mysteries overseen by the Gnostics."

The metaphysical perverts known as the Illuminati have structured today's society to reflect the manipulation of humankind through religious belief systems, political affiliations as well as the non-stop onslaught of media programming known as "news" and "entertainment."

The Defeat of the Illuminati
As renegades from the Mystery Schools who betrayed the Mysteries and subverted Gnosis ("Knowledge"), the Illuminati’s plan to divide, conquer and rule the world has worked quite well because people are easily programmed into belief systems contrary to their own welfare. As Lash notes, "Skilled in theology and dialectical argument, the Gnostics were able to refute fanatical beliefs, but unable to protect themselves against the violence driven by those beliefs." In other words Judeo-Christian Annihilation & Apocalyptic Theology sponsored by the Illuminati was responsible for the destruction of the Mystery Schools and the murder of the Gnostics, who were no match for those who perceived the Gnostics as a threat to their planetary dominion.

"Not only were the gnostokoi like [the female philosophy teacher] Hypatia [who was murdered by the Church] apolitical, they deliberately refrained from involvement in politics in order to dissociate themselves from the other type of initiates, the Illuminati who had been enmeshed in patriarchal and theocratic power games from their outset," Lash concludes.

The Illuminati may be considered to be apostate Gnostics who abandoned their role of enlightening humankind in order to reap the benefits and entitlements of the Ruling Class. Now as before… the Illuminati continue to move towards their goal -- a feverish dream of world domination culminating in the so-called New World Order (One World Government), which simply means Global Techno-Feudalism. This has always been Metaphysical Warfare. And humankind's choice is once again -- Freedom or Slavery.

- written by Uri Dowbenko, originally published here: http://www.newdawnmagazine.com/articles/the-illuminati-renegades-of-the-mystery-schools

Friday, March 2, 2012

AAT: Are the World’s Religions Cargo Cults? (pt 1)

Cargo Cult
After the Second World War, Western anthropologists began investigating a strange religion that had developed on numerous archipelagos in the South Pacific. Island populations that had come in contact with technologically advanced cultures (sea-faring Europeans), had developed elaborate religious ritual intended to magically procure the power and wealth of these intruding cultures. This power and wealth was evidenced by the cargo that emerged from the holds of the European ships anchored off-shore.

These island religions became known to western anthropologists as Cargo Cults. The cargo cults held the belief that if the proper rituals were performed, if the proper rites were observed, shipments of wealth would be delivered to them… from the west… the land of the dead.

The islanders believed that the Cargo in the holds of the European ships was rightfully theirs and had been sent by their ancestors. Such beliefs were consistent with the islander’s folklore and mythologies.

“First Contact” with Westerners began in the 1800’s. From the perspective of the islanders, arriving trading ships seemed to verify ancient tribal legends. These legends spoke of distant ancestor-gods who had journeyed to the west. Island prophecy held that they would someday return. The West was thought to be the land of the dead... the land of their ancestors. When the trading ships first sailed into the South Pacific, they came from the west… and they were pale skinned… just as the islanders would expect of emissaries coming from the land of the dead. The pre-existing indigenous tradition of the inter-tribal exchange of objects of wealth was integral to the evolving belief that the ancestors and deities were responsible for the arrival of cargo ships.

The wide-spread popularity of the cargo cults peaked after World War II when the military presence of Japan and the United States faded. By this time, airplanes replaced ships as the vehicles of cargo delivery. Island populations, who had experienced the massive influx of the advanced cultures and their associated cargo, sought ritualistic means to re-establish the flow of cargo that disappeared with military withdrawal. The Cargo Cult practitioners built replicas of airplanes and landing strips, even radio equipment… imitating sounds associated with airplanes… in their attempt to re-activate the shipment of cargo.

The cargo cult phenomenon, as a religious practice, has appeared in many traditional pre-industrial tribal societies in the wake of interaction with technologically advanced cultures. Although not as well documented, similar behaviors have appeared elsewhere in the world… elsewhere in the distant past.

Earth’s history of empirical expansion tells us that when one culture is significantly more technologically advanced than the other, the more advanced culture will be favored by the inevitable disruptive nature of first contact, often with dire consequences for the less technologically advanced society. And so it goes…

Ancient Astronaut Theory
Just as with the archipelagos of the South Pacific, speculative alt-history theorists such as Erich von Däniken have proposed that highly advanced extraterrestrial beings have visited Earth in its antiquity and made “first contact” with our distant ancestors. Such visitors have been popularly labeled ancient astronauts. Proponents suggest that this contact influenced the development of human cultures, technologies and religions. Central to this theory is the assertion that the myriad deities from most (if not all) religions actually were extraterrestrials and that their advanced technologies were interpreted as evidence of their divinity.

According to ancient astronaut theory (AAT), the apparently miraculous achievements of antiquity… such as the construction of the great pyramids in Egypt and Central America, the Moai stone heads of Easter Island and the Nazca lines of Peru… are remnant examples of this ancient intervention. Per this theory, all prehistoric knowledge, religion, and culture either came directly from extraterrestrial visitors, or were developed as a result of the influence of a cultural incubator or “mother culture" of extra-terrestrial origin.

In regard to scientific rigor, ancient astronaut theorists rely primarily on circumstantial evidence of ancient art, craftwork and legend, which they interpret as depicting extraterrestrial technologies and/or contact. Certain curious artifacts of prehistory have been identified as part of the body of evidence in support of AAT… such as the “Saqqara Bird” excavated in the Pa-di-Imen tomb, in Egypt in 1898. This bird-shaped artifact has been carbon-dated to 200 BCE and is speculated to demonstrate that the ancient Egyptians possessed knowledge of advanced aviation principles.

Artifacts from the Americas are also popularly sited by proponents of AAT as having been inspired by extra-terrestrial contact. Multiple Pre Columbian Inca artifacts that were unearthed in excavations in Central and South America look surprisingly similar to modern space shuttles. These tiny gold-carved amulets are estimated to belong to a period between 500 and 800 CE… well over 1000 years old. Traditional archaeologists initially assumed these figurines to be zoomorphic or animal shaped talismans.

These artifacts are compelling in that they spark imaginative speculation as to the purpose or intent of those who created them over a millennium ago. As compelling as these objects are… it is the legends and mythologies of the ancients that provide true insight into their world view. Much of this evidence focuses on descriptions of interaction with “the gods” as told through key passages of early religious texts. Ancient creation myths of gods descending from the heavens… interacting or even interbreeding with early humans, reveals intriguing aspects of how early humans viewed themselves, their world and their place in the grand scheme of the cosmos.

Ancient Mythologies
The 5th Century BCE Sanskrit text, the Ramayana, is one of two great itihāsa, or historic narrative/teaching epics from India and Nepal. Throughout this epic, the gods routinely travel in transport craft called Vimanas. It is not much of an intellectual stretch to compare these “flying cars” or “chariots of the gods” with modern depictions of aircraft, spacecraft or UFOs. Here is a passage from the Ramayana:

“The Pushpaka (flowery vimana) chariot that resembles the Sun and belongs to my brother was brought by the powerful Ravana; that aerial and excellent chariot going everywhere at will… that chariot resembling a bright cloud in the sky... and the King (Rama) got in, and the excellent chariot at the command of the Raghira, rose up into the higher atmosphere.”

Such verbiage, from a modern perspective, certainly seems to describe advanced aircraft, if not spacecraft. What is intriguing however, is the etymology of the word vimana. In addition to meaning a flying chariot, vimana also refers to… (a) God’s flying palace… (b) the palace of the supreme monarch… (c) a pyramid shaped temple. And finally, vimana refers to… the science of correct or proportionate measurement of remedies and medicines. The original Sanskrit: vi-māna literally translates to: traversing or having been measured out. Chariots of the gods… abode of the gods… ancient medicinal metric systems… all could be associated with an extra-ordinary if not divine source or "mother culture."

No discussion of AAT is complete without mentioning the Biblical Old Testament… Book of Ezekiel, chapter 1, in which Ezekiel exclaims:

“And I looked, and, behold, a whirlwind came out of the north, a great cloud, and a fire infolding itself, and a brightness was about it, and out of the midst thereof as the colour of amber, out of the midst of the fire.”

Ezekiel goes on to describe four winged humanoids, each with four faces (man, lion, ox and eagle) who emerge from a vehicle (or vehicles) that Ezekiel famously describes as wheels within wheels:

“The appearance of the wheels and their work was like unto the colour of a beryl: and they four had one likeness: and their appearance and their work was as it were a wheel in the middle of a wheel.”

“As for their rings, they were so high that they were dreadful; and their rings were full of eyes round about them. And when the living creatures went, the wheels went by them: and when the living creatures were lifted up from the earth, the wheels were lifted up.”

Particularly interesting is Ezekiel’s description of the “rings of eyes” which, if taken as a literal description, conjures up all sorts of imaginative visuals. The Book of Genesis refers to the ancient hybrid “Nephilim”, or offspring of the "sons of God" and the "daughters of men" …which raises the notion of extra-terrestrials having sex with earth women… imaginative visuals indeed.

The Abrahamic religion’s mythologies are chuck-full of such lusty imagery… lusty and violent. It was Abraham… the legendary founder of Judaism, Christianity and Islam, who made “first contact” with other-worldly voices… voices who commanded him to kill his son, Isaac. As Abraham prepares to do the deed… the voices (God) stops him at the last moment, declaring… “Now I know you fear God.” Kill his son, for Christ’s sake! No wonder the ancient Gnostics thought that the God of the Bible was crazy.

Alien Cargo
There are many more such examples of ancient artifacts, megalithic sites or structures and mythologies that, despite main-stream scientific scrutiny and repudiation, lend themselves quite nicely to circumstantial support of AAT. Taken as a whole, AAT paints an intriguing and somewhat logical narrative concerning the origins of human technology and cosmology. If we hypothetically accept the theory of a global mother culture of extra-terrestrial origin, then all the diverse creation myths around the planet, all the interaction with the gods, take on an eerie commonality. As wildly different as the myths of the various cultures of antiquity are, they could all “fit” within AAT’s global premise.

From this perspective… all of Earth’s ancient cultures… Egyptian, Sumerian, Incan, Mayan, etc… take on the attributes of a cargo cult. All continents on the planet… China, Africa, the Indian sub-continent, the Americas… have myths and artifacts that could have literally come from the holds of an ancient interstellar spacecraft. Mythic objects like the “Ark of the Covenant” suddenly become ancient alien technology… in the hands of the natives. Precious cargo and contact, that inspired “tales of wonder” in the minds of the locals. Over time, tales became legend, legends became myth, myths were collated and categorized into religions.

The trouble is, this theory is too convenient… too simplistic a solution to, not only humanity’s origins, but the very real question of pre-historic extra-terrestrial interaction on Earth. There are other, exotic and creative (both literal and figurative) theories that seek to answer the question of the explosion of intelligence and technology that occurred on Earth 10,000 years ago. Theories such as the concept of “Ultra-Terrestrial” interaction and guidance… microbial interstellar migration and seeding… just to give two examples.

In part two of this series, we shall delve a little deeper into these and other options as they pertain to mankind, as well as planetary evolution. Feel free to make suggestions, offer other examples, alternative theories or otherwise leave comments. Your input, dear reader, is always welcome. Stay tuned…

     Part Two   ~   Part Three